Hypertension (high blood preasure) and diet

Consuming too much salt can cause your body to retain fluid, which increases blood pressure.

If you have high blood pressure, it’s best to eat meals low in saturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol, salt (sodium), and added sugars.

This is, of course, good dietary advice for everyone, regardless of their blood pressure.

Salt and High Blood Pressure

Too much salt or sodium can cause your body to retain fluid, which increases blood pressure.

If you have high blood pressure, this is why your doctor will recommend limiting how much salt you eat to no more than about 1 teaspoon per day.

Another rule to follow is consuming 1,500 milligrams a day of salt if you have hypertension, diabetes, or chronic kidney disease, or if you are 51 years of age or older(That is half teaspoon)

To stay on track, choose low-sodium and no-added-salt foods and seasonings, and read nutrition facts labels carefully to determine the amount of sodium added to packaged and processed foods.

Get Plenty of Potassium

Since potassium helps balance the amount of sodium in your cells, not getting enough can lead to too much sodium in your blood.

Hence, getting plenty of potassium can help prevent and control high blood pressure.

Limit Alcohol Consumption

Alcohol can raise your blood pressure, even if you don’t have hypertension, so everyone should monitor alcoholic intake.


Once diagnosed with high blood pressure, your doctor may recommend the DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension)  eating plan, which focuses on heart-healthy foods that are low in fat, cholesterol, and sodium, and rich in nutrients, protein, and fiber.

Foods may include the following:

  • Fruits
  • Vegetables
  • Whole grains
  • Low-fat dairy products
  • Fish
  • Poultry
  • Nuts

DASH limits the following:

  • Red meats (including lean red meats)
  • Sweets
  • Added sugars
  • Sugar-containing drinks

While your doctor will help tailor the DASH diet to your needs, the following is an example of the recommended servings from each food group for someone on the diet.

  • 6 to 8 servings a day of grains
  • 4 to 5 servings a day of vegetables
  • 4 to 5 servings a day of fruits
  • 2 to 3 servings a day of dairy
  • 6 or fewer servings a day of lean meat, poultry, and fish
  • 4 to 5 servings a week of nuts, seeds, and legumes
  • 2 to 3 servings a day of fats and oils
  • 5 or fewer sweets a week


[Dietician Komal's All in one Diet Clinic] 9041802104 Komal Sharma is young, enthusiast and full time-dietitian running a chain of family diet clinics under the name of Dietitian Komal's Family Diet Clinic in Punjab. With the experience of more than 5 years, she has treated more than 20 thousand patients of every demographics till now. She has attended many international based seminars and conferences (IDA). Academic Background Bsc in home science Postgraduate Diploma in Nutrition and Dietetics 6 Month short term attachment in GMCH sec 32 Former Intern at GMCH sec 32 Clinical Practice Dt. Komal along with her dedicated team which keeps on working and frames best diet plans every day. Apart from the weight loss programs, Dt. Komal also provides medical diets for the treatment for chronic diseases including obesity, hypertension, diabetes, thyroid disorders, polycystic ovarian syndromes with the program called D-treatment program which consists of treating diseases with diet. The clinic also provide diet programs for expecting mother and for children. DT Komal's clinic holds 100% record in curing diabetes with diet plans. Each client is provided customized diets medical supervision for best results. Dt. Komal basically provides a balanced diet which is effortless, free from fasting and covers all the important nutrients. This practice has minimal chances of relapse. Apart from this she also provides online consultation and follow ups.

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